Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City, a city that is bustling and vibrant; a good land where the birds perch upon, people from all regions come to work, live, study. Ho Chi Minh City formerly known as Saigon is one of the most important commercial and tourist centers in Vietnam. It is 1,730km by land from Ha Noi capital and 50 km from the East-Sea. Saigon was once praised as the "Pearl of the Far East"
HCMC was recorded into administrative document in 1698 under the name of Sai Gon as the new land of the country and it is now has been passed more than 300 years of history. Under the Nguyen dynasty, here was located the biggest fortification in 1790 with the name of Gia Dinh. In 1859, French colonists had invaded into the South and attacked Sai Gon to fail. Since 1862, a new city with 500,000 of population was found in a master plan. Architecture of city was in imitation of Western styles in 19th century and enlarged following the two datum lines: North – South and East – West. It had been resorted with trading association from all around the world and Sai Gon harbor formed in 1862. At the end of 19th century (1874), French President had assigned the establishment fo Sai Gon city. After the victory of Ho Chi Minh operation in spring 1975, Sai Gon was renamed to Ho Chi Minh City by the National Assembly on 2nd July 1976.
Geographic coordinates: 10 11N 106 107E
Total area: 2,095.6km2
Time: UTC/GMT + 7 hours
Districts: 24, Central City: D1, D2, D3, D4, Binh Thanh D, Phu Nhuan D.
Climate: Rainy season from May to November; Dry season from December to April; Average temperature: 27.550C.
Population HCMC, Total Population: ~ 8.5 million
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Khmer, Cham...
Miscellaneous Ports and terminals: Tan Son Nhat Airport Cat Lai Port Sai Gon New Port Sai Gon Railway Station
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